【英语评价网】为学友分析各大在线英语培训哪家好以及优劣势,解读师资水平收费价格等问题!最新的网上英语培训机构排名,推荐最合适的外教一对一英语培训机构!
当前位置:英语评价网 > 免费英语视频学习 > 关于英语短篇美文带翻译2篇,英语写作金典语句

关于英语短篇美文带翻译2篇,英语写作金典语句

  我们在学习英语作文就是要多多积累作文,小编今天就给大家带来了英语优秀的散文,有需要可以收藏起来哦

  英语散文一

  戏剧的起源

  There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the assumption that drama evolved from ritual. The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings viewed the natural forces of the world - even the seasonal changes - as unpredictable, and they sought through various means to control these unknown and feared powers. Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals. Eventually stories arose which explained or veiled the mysteries of the rites. As time passed some rituals were abandoned, but the stories, later called myths, persisted and provided material for art and drama.

  Those who believe that drama evolved out of ritual also argue that those rites contained the seed of theater because music, dance, masks,and costumes were almost always used. Furthermore, a suitable site had to be provided for performances and when the entire community did not participate, a clear division was usually made between the "acting area" and the "auditorium." In addition, there were performers, and, since considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites, religious leaders usually assumed that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they often impersonated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed the desired effect —— success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun —— as an actor might. Eventually such dramatic representations were separated from religious activities.

  Another theory traces the theater's origin from the human interest in storytelling. According to this view tales (about the hunt, war, or other feats) are gradually elaborated, at first through the use of impersonation,action, and dialogue by a narrator and then through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theater to those dances that are primarily rhythmical and gymnastic or that are imitations of animal movements and sounds.

  戏剧的起源

  关于古希腊戏剧的起源存在着多种理论,其中一个最普遍为人接受的理论假设认为戏剧从仪式演化而来。

  这个观点是这样进行论证的:一开始,人类把世界上的自然力量,甚至季节的变化都看成是不可预料的。他们试图通过各种方式去控制这些未知的、令人恐惧的力量。那些似乎带来了满意结果的手段就被保留下来并且重复直到这些手段固化为不变的仪式,最后产生了能够解释或者掩盖这些仪式神秘性的故事。

  随着时间的推移,一些仪式被废弃了,但这些后来被称作神话的故事流传下来并且为艺术和戏剧提供了素材。

  认为戏剧从仪式演化而来的人们还认为那些仪式包含了戏剧的基本因素,因为音乐、舞蹈、面具和服装几乎经常被使用,而且,必须为演出提供一个合适的地点;如果不是整个社区共同参加演出,经常在"演出区"和"观众席"之间划分出明显的分界。

  另外,仪式中还有演员,而且宗教领袖通常承担演出任务,因为在仪式的执行中避免错误的发生被认为有相当大的重要性;他们经常带着面具,穿着服装象演员那样扮演其它人、动物或超自然的生灵,用动作来表演以达到所需要的效果,比如打猎的成功或战斗的胜利、将至的雨、太阳的复活。最后这些戏剧性的表演从宗教活动中分离了出来。

  另一个追溯戏剧起源的理论认为它来自人们对叙述故事的兴趣。根据这个观点,故事(关于狩猎、战争或者其它伟绩)是逐渐丰富起来的。

  首先通过一个讲解人来运用模仿、表演和对话,然后再由不同的人扮演各自的角色;另一个与之紧密相关的理论将戏剧的起源追溯至舞蹈,这些舞蹈大体上是有节奏感的和体操式的那一类,或者是对动物动作和声音的模仿。

  英语散文二

  Online Love

  Supporters of online relationships claim that the Internet allows couples to get to know each other intellectually first. Personal appearance doesn't get in the way. But critics of online relationships arguer that no one can truly know another person in cyberspace. Why? Because the Internet gives users a lot of control over how others view them. Internet users can carefully craft their words to fit whatever image they want to give. And they don't have to worry about what their "nonverbal" communication is doing for their image. In a sense, they're not really themselves. All of this may be fine if the relationship stays in cyberspace. But not knowing a person is a big problem in a love relationship.With so many unknowns, it's easy to let one's imagination "fill in the blanks." This inevitably leads to disappointment when couples meet in person. How someone imagines an online friend is often

  quite different than the real person. So, before looking for love in cyberspace, remember the advice of Internet pioneer Clifford Stoll: "Life in the real world is far richer than anything you'll find on a computer screen."

  网络恋情

  网络关系的支持者宣称互联网络让情侣先在思想上认识对方,而个人外表不会造成阻碍。

  但是网络恋情的批评者认为没有人能够真正在网络空间认识一个人。为什么呢?因为互联网络让使用者轻易地掌握别人如何看待他们。互联网络使用者可以依据他们想要给的形象精心推敲措辞。而且他们不用担心他们的形象受到非语言沟通的影响。就某方面来说,他们并不是真正的自己。所有这些都不是问题,如果这个关系只局限于网络空间。但是在一个恋爱关系中不认识对方是个大问题。这么多的未知数很容易让一个人的想象力"填入答案".当这对情侣碰面时,这类情形不可避免地将带来失望。一个人对网络朋友的想象通常和真实的情况有很大的差异。所以在网络空间找寻爱情之前,先记得互联网络先驱克利佛。斯托的忠告:"真实生活比任何电脑荧幕上找得到的东西更丰富许多"

喜欢 (0) or 分享 (0)
发表我的评论
取消评论

表情

您的回复是我们的动力!

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 验证码 点击我更换图片

网友最新评论